HomeScienceWhat Makes Tattoo Ink Permanent in Your Skin?

What Makes Tattoo Ink Permanent in Your Skin?

A tattoo is a form of art on the dermis layer of the skin that could be temporary or permanent.

In the World are many kinds of tattoos, starting with the traditional mehndi in the Indian culture, known as henna. This is not actually a permanent tattoo, but the brides are colored with it as a form of good luck and prosperity. There are also tattoos that are purely decorative or that have a meaning and the tattoos that help us cover birthmarks or scars.

Temporary Tattoos

Vitaliy Lyubezhanin / Unsplash

Temporary tattoos are different and you can choose one depending on how long you want them to last. As I said earlier, you can choose a henna tattoo that lasts between a week and a few months depending on its location, your skin moisture in that area, and how many times you wash and wipe your skin. The henna tattoo is made with special leaves of the henna plant and some type of acid that makes them last.

The Airbrush Temporary Tattoos last up to 7 days if it’s not in a very exposed area. This type of tattoo is easy to make and you can actually make it at home. You need rubbing alcohol, polysorbate80, color, and an airbrush device.

The last temporary tattoo is the Press-on Decal Temporary Tattoo that is easy to apply but lasts only 2-3 days. It is easy to find them online or in stores and it takes a few minutes to apply them.

Pain Level of a Permanent Tattoo

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Next, we will discuss how painful tattoos are depending on where they are situated. A tattoo is generally painful, but on some areas of the body, they are quite tolerant. Of course, there are different levels of pain.

Starting with the least painful parts of the body for a tattoo that has a lot of fat and fewer nerve endings like the upper outer thighs, forearms, outer shoulders, outer bicep, and a low-moderate pain on the calves and on the back.

If you are still thinking about getting your first tattoo, it is recommended not to get them in these places because it is very painful. The armpits, ankles, nipples, elbows, hips, neck, fingers, feet, toes, stomach, face, and lips are the most sensitive parts for a tattoo and they are moderate-high pain depending on the complexity of the tattoo, your gender, your age, and your pain resistance.

What Makes Tattoo Ink Permanent?

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When the needle touches our skin, it injects the ink into the layer of cells below the epidermis at a frequency of 50 to 3,000 times per minute. The ink becomes permanent because it is deposited in the dermis, and the older skin cells are replaced with younger ones. The dermis is the second layer of the skin and is a fibrous structure composed of collagen, blood vessels, glands, nerve endings, and hair follicles.

Starting with the first needle penetrating the skin, the body is alerted to begin the inflammatory process. Specialized blood cells named macrophages eat the ink in an attempt to heal the wound. As these cells travel through the lymphatic system, some of them carry the dye back into the lymph nodes while others remain in the dermis and are engulfed by dermal cells called fibroblasts. Dermal cells remain in place until they die, then “eaten” by nearby younger cells, also transferring the ink, and so on.

Natural Fading

tattoo fading over years tattoo
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Researches show that the macrophages eat the ink and they pass it to the new cells when the first cells die, and so on, the ink never disappears, it only fades with years.

A complete epidermal regeneration requires a month, during which you must avoid sun exposure and swimming to prevent fading. U.V light can break down the pigment of the ink and that’s why doctors recommend SPF as high as possible at every sun exposure.

According to the type of tattoo you choose, you need to think of it very well especially if you want a permanent one. Laser tattoo removal for tattoos is an expensive procedure and because of that, you need to love the tattoo you want to make so that in 10+ years you don’t regret it.

Read more: Laser tattoo removal for tattoos

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